Cart

Cart

Volcanoes

Prepping For Volcanoes.

Currently there are around 1600 active Volcanoes throughout the world. However there are areas that are far more susceptible to Volcanoes than others and volcanoes are common in places such as Iceland, Hawaii, California, Japan, Italy, Indonesia and even Alaska!

 

So exactly what is a volcano? A volcano is an opening in the Earth’s crust and surface that allows molten rock, various gases, and many types of debris to escape to the surface. A volcanic eruption may involve lava and other debris that can flow at high speed, up to 120 mph in some instances, destroying everything in their path. Volcanic ash can travel 100s of miles and cause severe health problems for human beings, domestic and wild animals.

 

Volcanic eruptions occur only in certain places and y certainly do not occur randomly. This is because the Earth’s crust is broken into a series of slabs known as tectonic plates. These plates are rigid, but they float on a hotter, wetter, softer layer in the Earth’s interior. As the plates move, they spread apart, collide, or slide past each other.

 

Sixty percent of all active volcanoes occur at the boundaries between tectonic plates. Most volcanoes are found along a belt, called the “Ring of Fire” that encircles the Pacific Ocean. Some volcanoes, like those that form the Hawaiian Islands, occur in the interior of plates at areas called “hot spots.”

 

Most of the active volcanoes we see on land occur where plates collide and I am not talking about a Greek Wedding here. The greatest number of the Earth’s volcanoes are hidden from view, occurring on the ocean floor along spreading ridges. If you want a figure then a colossal 75% of volcanos are on the sea bed.

 

An active volcano is one that has erupted within the last 10,000 years or it has some type of activity going on. This activity could be anything from gases being released or even earthquakes around it. In addition, a dormant volcano is one that hasn’t erupted in the last 10,000 years, however there is a chance it will erupt at some point, so get your running shoes ready. An extinct volcano is one that hasn’t erupted in the last 10,000 years and is unlikely to erupt in the future. The boiling hot liquid inside the volcano is called magma. Magma is rock that is so hot, it has turned into a liquid. It glows bright orange and is held in a chamber within the volcano.

 

Lava in case you had not noticed, is ridiculously hot! It can get up to 1,250° Celsius making volcanoes stupidly dangerous and it is why they should be avoided even though you still get volcano spotters who adore them. Each volcano has a different level of risk which should always be researched before visiting. There are volcanoes on other planets too! The largest volcano in our solar system isn’t on planet Earth. It’s on Mars! The volcano is called Olympus Mons.

 

The largest volcano on Earth is in Hawaii. It’s called the Mauna Loa. From sea level it is 4,169 metres high. However, under the sea it also goes down another 5,000 metres to the ocean floor. This would make it higher than Mount Everest! Since 1843, it has erupted 33 times so avoid it if you can.

 

One of the most famous volcano eruptions was in Italy. Pompeii is a preserved ancient Roman city in Campania, Italy about 14 miles from Napoli (Naples) at the southeastern base of Mount Vesuvius. Around lunchtime on the 24th August, 79 CE, a huge eruption from Mount Vesuvius showered volcanic debris over the city of Pompeii, followed the next day by clouds of blisteringly hot gases. Buildings were destroyed, the population was crushed or asphyxiated, and the city was buried beneath a blanket of ash and pumice. For many centuries Pompeii slept beneath its prison of ash, which perfectly preserved the remains. When these were finally unearthed, in the 1700s, the world was astonished at the discovery of a sophisticated Greco-Roman city frozen in time. Grand public buildings included an amphitheatre; lavish villas, a forum and all kinds of houses, dating back to the 4th century BCE, were also uncovered. Inside were some preserved remains of people sheltering from the eruption; others lay buried as they fled. Even bakeries were found with loaves still in the ovens. The buildings and their contents revealed day to day life in the ancient world. Pompeii’s population was around 18,000 inhabitants at the time of its destruction.

 

Another article in our prepping series, make sure you are ready just in case, in the unlikelihood you are involved in a Volcanic eruption. Ensure you are as well prepared as you can possibly be in the event that you might get caught out as did many get caught out in New Zealand in the 2020 eruption on the island of Whakarri White Island that killed 20 people.

 

As we always stipulate use your common sense and keep a hold of our checklist. Here are a number of essentials in case of a Volcanic eruption. Volcano’s are dangerous little beasts so be on your guard as ever and follow our guidelines below in relation of how you need to prepare.

 

Checklist – With various options

 

Here is a list of a couple of areas we recommend.

 

Exposure to ash can harm your health, particularly the respiratory (breathing) tract. To protect yourself while you are outdoors or while you are cleaning up ash that has gotten indoors, use an N-95 disposable respirator (also known as an “air purifying respirator”).

 

Breathing Respirator

 

N95 Mask Respirators (NIOSH), Safety Face Masks, N95 Particulate Filtering Face Piece Respirators (20 Count) are available from www.accumed.com. You shell out $39.99 but you get 20 in a pack and in these days of Covid 19 these can be used for multiple purposes.

 

They are CDC & NIOSH approved particulate filtering face piece respirator safety face masks certified for a minimum of 95% filtration efficiency against non oil based particles. Made in a cup style design for larger breathing chamber and improved inhalation/exhalation resistance. Each N95 Particulate Respirator features such a cushioning nose foam for added comfort, and an adjustable metal nose piece for a secure seal. Two strap design headband designs ensures a secure and snug fit. As mentioned earlier this is ideal for use in a variety of settings including: Healthcare, Essential services, Retail, Construction, Food processing, Food safety, General manufacturing, Heavy infrastructure, Mining, Oil and gas, and Transportation. Medium size N95 mask to fit most face sizes. Lightweight construction and enhanced breathability allow the N95 mask to be comfortably worn for longer periods of time in a variety of work environments. Distributed by AccuMed Biotech headquartered in Houston, Texas, USA. Manufactured in China by Xiantao Zhongyi Safety Protection Products Co. Ltd.

  

amazon.com unsurprisingly have a huge choice of different masks available but one that caught my eye is the KN95 Face Mask – 5 Layer Design Cup Dust Safety Masks, Breathable Protection Masks Against PM2.5 Dust Bulk 50 Pack. The Filter Efficiency is more Than 95%. The KN95 mask is made of 2 non woven outer layers, 2 melt blown inner filter, 1 non woven cotton middle layer and offers more protection than a standard disposable 3-Ply mask. The filter efficiency is 95% greatly keeping you safe, etc. The KN95 face masks are lightweight and foldable, can cover mouth, nose and chin easily. Creates a tight seal & stops glasses from fogging. The 3D design provide enough space for you to breathe and provide effective protection. High breathability five Layer Non Woven KN95 masks using standard safety materials can provide multi-effect protection.offer a powerful 5 layered filter for extra support against debris and dust will help every mask wearer.

 

If you are looking for a reliable manufacturer then 3M is always a company you can be assured will produce top quality goods at a decent price. At 3M.com you can find the 3M™ Particulate Respirator 8511, N95.

 

Cost is $24.46 per Box. Ten in the box. It is NIOSH approved for at least 95 percent filtration efficiency against certain non oil based particles. It contains the 3M™ Cool Flow™ Exhalation Valve helps reduce heat build-up inside the respirator. It has a M-Noseclip adjusts easily for fewer pressure points and greater comfort and guess what? It has a Braided headbands two strap design with dual point attachment which helps provide a secure seal.

 

One of the major problems with volcanos is not necessarily the lava but rather the ash that pollutes the air and falls down. Therefore safety goggles are a must.

 

Eye Protection Goggles

 

There are a vast array of choices on the eye goggles front for protection from ash and dust but here are a choice of three for you to peruse.

 

Available from asmc.de are the Revision glasses Desert Locust Fan Basic black yellow lens Revision, Item no. 41524 which are priced at 189.00 EUR. With VAT included and free shipping from Germany to some territories.

 

Revision glasses Desert Locust Fan Basic black clear glass. The Desert Locust safety goggles by Revision are the modern version of the tried and tested Sun, Wind and Dust goggles and combine high impact protection with a perfect fit and comfort. The OcuMax high-performance coating prevents scratching and fogging of the glasses. The side and top ventilation openings in the frame ensure permanent air circulation and thus also help to reduce the fogging of the glasses. The panorama lens offers an unrestricted field of vision for a clear view and distortion free optics. The lenses can be changed quickly and easily and thus adapted to the most varied of lighting conditions and application requirements.

 

The adjustable helmet strap system enables the ballistic full protective goggles to be put on and taken off quickly with one hand, as well as being worn on the helmet or directly on the head. The flexible frame with its low profile ensures compatibility with combat helmet, binoculars and night vision devices. The glasses have a small fan, which also ensures adequate ventilation. It is resistant to dust and moisture and therefore suitable for continuous operation even in rough conditions. This also prevents the window from fogging up. The fan is operated with an AA battery and can be set to 3 levels, The glass thickness is 2 mm and the material: glass: high impact, optical grade polycarbonate / frame: chemical and temperature resistant plastic. UV protection: 100% UV-A / UV-B / UV-C protection

  

A cheaper option for eye goggles can be found at amazon.de where the Bolle X800 Tactical Goggles can be found. The Brand is Bolle Tactical and the price is € 69.95. Prices include VAT. Depending on the delivery address, the VAT at the checkout may vary. Color is black and the frame material is made from nylon while the lens material is polycarbonate. Item dimensions L x W x H 50 x 50 x 50 millimeters. STANAG 2920 Ballistic Polycarbonate 2.3mm Lens. The clear lens offers 100% UV absorption anti-scratch and anti-fog coatings. High comfort bi-material frame (nylon TPE). Panorama area vision. Easy replacement of the lens system. Ultra ventilated frame. Light weight: 106g. 35mm wide, adjustable shoulder strap. Supplied with a black cotton case

 

Another choice is the Revision Military Bullet Ant Tactical Goggle Deluxe over

at our reliable amazon.com which can be purchased for $119.99.

 

The slim-profile design of the Revision Bullet Ant Tactical Goggle provides optimal facial fit, high-impact protection, wide field-of-view, plus helmet and night-vision gear compatibility. Equally comfortable with the strap worn over or under the helmet, the hexo-vents permit maximum ventilation, without any adjustment, for fog-free performance and fine particle filtration. Clear, solar and high-contrast lenses allow for visual clarity in various light conditions. It is built to exceed stringent U.S. And international Ballistic impact requirements for Use in Military and tactical operations so should be a doddle when it comes to tackling the ash from volcanoes. It resists a wide variety of chemicals, including deet while the lenses can be interchanged for various light conditions. They Shield eyes from unexpected fragments and there is a full frame ventilation and air flow minimises fogging.

 

There are various things that you can do to ensure that you are ready and prepared in case of a volcano. These would include obvious areas such as tuning in to the radio or television for volcano updates. Listening for disaster sirens and warning signals to reviewing your emergency plan and gathering your emergency supplies. Be sure to pack at least a 1 week supply of prescription medications. It would also help to prepare in advance an emergency kit for your vehicle with food, flares, booster cables, maps, tools, a first aid kit, a fire extinguisher, sleeping bags, a flashlight and  batteries. Sturdy boots are also tremendously important and should not be overlooked.

 

So that is a summary of a number of separate areas you should consider when it comes to looking to give yourself a better chance of survival should there be any kind of volcanic eruption. Whatever you do, plan well in advance and test out the equipment where appropriate. It is important to make an emergency plan and work out what you need in advance then you will be well on your way to ensuring you can survive a volcanic eruption.

 

As ever. Be safe. Be secure. Be ready. Be sensible.